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Children

Michael Bennet (D)

Economic:
• Increase the annual Child Tax Credit from $2,000 to $3,000 per child aged 6-18 and $3,600 per child under the age of 6
• Expand by 25% the Earned Income Tax Credit offered to lower-income families, particularly those with children
• Index the credit to inflation and make it fully refundable, meaning families can receive the full credit for each child
• This is projected to reduce child poverty from 14.9% to 9.5%, bringing 4 million children out of poverty
• This is also projected to cut deep child poverty in half

Health:
• Establish a public insurance option on the exchange called Medicare X
• Address the rural maternal and infant health divide by expanding coverage through Medicare-X
• Significantly expanding mental health supports and resources in schools

Education:
• Establish universal, free preschool nationwide for all four-year-olds by 2024 and for all three-year-olds by 2027
• Make community college free for all
• Make four-year public colleges debt-free for low- and middle-income families up to 300% of the federal poverty line
• Provide significant financial support to rural, high-poverty, and underserved schools to close achievement gaps between children
• Emphasize proficiency in math and reading benchmarks
• Provide school-based resources to support students who may be struggling in school

Child Welfare:
• Expand home visits for expecting and new parents so that all young families can get their babies off to a good start
• Expand support for child nutrition programs such as the WIC and SNAP program
• End family separation at the border and set minimum hygiene and food standards for Border Patrol stations
• Ensure unaccompanied children at the border had access to legal counsel
• Provide grants to allow communities to develop and implement diversion programs to keep kids from incarceration

Other:
• See Bennet's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Joe Biden (D)

Economic: • Triple the Child Tax Credit from $2,000 to $6,000 per childHealth: • Supports creating a public option to expand health care coverage • Make an unprecedented investment in school mental health professionals to double the number of psychologists, guidance counselors, nurses, and social workers • Provide funds to ensure that there is an early childhood development expert in every community health centerEducation: • Ensure that every single person needing child care gets an $8,000 tax credit • Provide universal, high-quality pre-K for all three- and four-year-olds • Supports two years of free community college • Invest in school vocational trainings and partnerships between high schools, community colleges, and employers to connect students to jobs • Triple investment in Title I schools to eliminate the funding and achievement gap • Include in federal infrastructure legislation funding specifically for improving public school buildings • Update curriculum and skills to accommodate rapid technological change • Increase federal funding for special education provide funds to ensure that there is an early childhood development expert in every community health centerChild Welfare: • Double funding for home visiting programs so more families can receive coaching on child health, prenatal practices, and child maltreatment • Increase spending on juvenile justice from $60 million to $1 billion • Create a new grant to encourage states to place non-violent youth in community-based alternatives to prison • Require states to keep juvenile records private so that minors have a real chance to reach their full potential as adults • Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separationOther: • See Biden's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Cory Booker (D)

Economic:
• Cut child poverty by two-thirds
• Give each newborn child $1,000 in a savings account and pay a certain amount (depending on their income) into their account until they are 18 and can spend it
• For example, a child living below the poverty line would receive $2,000 per year, and the estimated account balance for that 18-year-old would be $46,215
• Increase the annual Child Tax Credit from $2,000 to $3,000 per child aged 6-18 and $3,600 per child under the age of 6
• Index the credit to inflation and make it fully refundable, meaning families can receive the full credit for each child
• Nearly double the income cut-off for the Earned Income Tax Credit offered to lower-income families, particularly those with children
• Increase Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) funding by 40 percent

Health:
• Believes in Medicare For All as an end goal
• Supports creating a public option to expand health care coverage in the meantime
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Increase investment in high-quality child care to make it affordable for all working families

Education:
• Guarantee universal early childhood education
• Supports debt-free college
• Make community college and vocational training tuition-free across the country
• Make it easier for borrowers to refinance their student loans at lower interest rates
• Expand the scope of the public service loan forgiveness program

Child Welfare:
• Decriminalize poverty and give a fair shot to kids with parents who are incarcerated
• Eliminate eligibility requirements based on immigration status for all safety net programs
• Relieve all school lunch debt and fight for universal free school lunch so every child in need can be fed
• Increase the maximum SNAP (food stamps) benefit by 30 percent
• Increase investment in home visiting services
• Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separation

Other:
• See Booker's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Pete Buttigieg (D)

Economic:
• Expand the Earned Income Tax Credit offered to lower-income families, particularly those with children

Health:
• Supports Medicare For All as an end goal
• Allow people to opt into a government-backed health insurance option and let keep their private insurance plans if they like them
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Supports creating a tax credit to help families pay for child care

Education:
• Invest $700 billion in affordable, universal, high-quality, and full-day early learning, as well as outside-of-school learning opportunities in K-12 education
• Make this early learning and care from age 0-5 free for lower-income families and affordable for all
• Dramatically increase Title I funding to support supplemental services for lower-income students
• Supports expanding the Public Service Loan Forgiveness program, which clears student loans in exchange for public service work
• Invest $500 billion so that 80% of families of public college students (those that earn up to $100,000) will not pay any public college tuition
• Increase national service opportunities from 75,000 to 1 million high school graduates by 2026 by expanding existing and creating new service corps such as the Climate Corps
• Invest $50 billion in workforce training and lifelong learning to create pathways for young and middle-age workers into good jobs
• Invest up to $5 billion over the next decade to ensure an apprenticeship program in a growing industry is available within 30 miles of every American

Child Welfare:
• Invest $430 billion to unlock access to 7 million affordable housing units to end homeless for families with childrener 7 million
• Invest an additional $170 billion to ensure that all eligible families with children have access to housing choice vouchers, mobility counseling, and wrap-around services
• Invest $100 million to close down youth prisons and expand programming that meets the needs of children
• Push to raise the age at which one can be tried as an adult
• Remove children from adult jails and prisons
• Enforce the Supreme Court’s ban on juvenile life sentences without parole
• Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separation

Other:
• See Buttigieg's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Julián Castro (D)

Economic:
• Reduce child poverty by two-thirds through increase an in tax credit and universal pre-K and child care
• End family, youth, and child homelessness by the end of his first term
• Increase the Child Tax Credit from $2,000 to $3,000 per child
• Index the credit to inflation and make it fully refundable, meaning families can receive the full credit for each child
• Expand the Earned Income Tax Credit to include all dependents, low-income independent students and workers younger than 25

Health:
• Allow everyone to buy into Medicare and automatically enroll newborns into the plan
• Create a national paid family and medical leave program of 12 weeks that could be used during pregnancy or new child leave
mothers
• Believes in Medicare for All as an end goal and supports keeping private insurance for now

Education:
• Create a universal child care program and make it free for families at 75% of their state's median income
• Provide every family with affordable and high-quality preschool and make it free for those below 250% of the poverty line
• Create tuition-free public colleges, community colleges, and technical/vocational schools
• Called for expanding student loan forgiveness to people on federal assistance like food stamps or Medicaid
• Reform student discipline practices to combat unfair, harsh, and unequal disciplinary methods in our schools
• Invest in full-time caseworkers to intervene when a student starts missing school

Child Welfare:
• End the child-welfare to juvenile justice pipeline, the over-policing of youth, and the criminalization of poverty
• Support families at risk of having children placed in foster care before conditions reach a crisis point
• Prevent child abuse and neglect by funding home visiting services and early interventions, such as prenatal care and addiction treatment for soon-to-be mothers
• Recruit foster families to support all children, including older youth, siblings, people of color, children with disabilities, non-English speakers, and LGBTQ-youth
• Invest in training for workers and families to provide trauma-informed care throughout the foster care system
• Cut the number of children in congregate foster care in half by 2025
• Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separation
• Ensure free lunch for all students in need

Other:
• See Castro's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

John Delaney (D)

Economic:
• Double the Earned Income Tax Credit offered to lower-income families, particularly those with children

Health:
• Implement Pay For Success programs to improve health outcomes during the first two years of a child’s life
• Doesn't support Medicare for All
• Create a new public health care plan called "BetterCare" for all Americans under the age of 65 while preserving traditional Medicare
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Calls for funding for federal research into the effects of social media on children

Education:
• Expand child care for children aged 0-3 in low-income families
• Guarantee pre-k for every American
• Guarantee 2 years of free community college through 1.5% tax on incomes higher than $500,000
• Allow borrowers to refinance their federal student loans at lower interest rates
• Create a mandatory national service requirement of 1 year to be spent in the military, a Community Service program, a new National Infrastructure Apprenticeship program, or in a newly created Climate Corps
• Increase funds to low-income schools through increases to Title I funding
• Expand federal grants for community-based programs focused on supporting and mentoring struggling students
• Offer student loan forgiveness for people that live and work in economically disadvantaged communities for ten years

Child Welfare:
• Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separation

Other:
• Update the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) to prohibit the collection of personal data of any person under the age of 16 without their consent
• Calls for funding for federal research into the effects of social media on children
• See Delaney's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Tulsi Gabbard (D)

Economic:
• Gabbard has not released any economic policies with respect to children

Health:
• Supports Medicare for All

Education:
• Increase funding for Head Start, a program that provides early childhood education, health, nutrition, and parent involvement services to low-income children and families
• Eliminate tuition and fees at four-year public colleges and universities for families that make up to $125,000 a year
• Make community college tuition-free

Child Welfare:
• Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separation

Other:
• See Gabbard's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Amy Klobuchar (D)

Economic:
• Cut childhood poverty in half in ten years and end it within a generation
• Expand the Earned Income Tax Credit (offered to lower-income families, particularly those with children), the Child Care Tax Credit, and overhaul our country’s housing policy

Health:
• Doesn't support Medicare for All and would instead offer a public option that people can buy into
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave

Education:
• Create a universal child care program and make it free for families at 75% of their state's median income
• Supports universal pre-K that is free for low-income families
• Create tuition-free community college and technical certifications and expand access to technical and vocational training
• Double the number of apprenticeships to over a million by the end of her first term
• Provide federal funds for states that pledge to update their high school curricula to improve workforce readiness and repair schools across their state
• Increase funding for special education and high-needs schools

Child Welfare:
• Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separation
• Increase investment in SNAP (food stamps)

Other:
• See Klobuchar's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Deval Patrick (D)

Economic:
• Patrick has not released any economic policies with respect to children

Health:
• Supports achieving low-cost, universal health care and keeping private insurance

Education:
• Supports creating universal pre-K
• Proposed making community college free in Massachusetts
• Supports investing in workforce development and retraining
• Believes education is the single best investment the public can make in its own collective future

Child Welfare:
• Has criticized the current treatment of migrant children and supports offering more support and shelter for them

Other:
• See Patrick's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Bernie Sanders (D)

Economic:
• Expand the Earned Income Tax Credit offered to lower-income families, particularly those with children
• Make the Child Tax Credit fully refundable, meaning families can receive the full credit for each child

Health:
• Pass Medicare For All plan to fully cover every service and procedure, including dental, vision, long-term care, and abortion, at no charge to patients
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave

Education:
• Establish a universal child care program
• Establish a universal pre-K program
• Give schools the funding needed to support arts, foreign language and music education
• Invest billions in after-school and summer programs and rebuilding decaying school infrastructure
• Make public two- and four-year institutions tuition-free for everyone, including undocumented immigrants
• Provide $5 billion annually for career and technical education
• Cancel all student loan debt held by Americans, funded by a tax on Wall Street transactions
• Triple spending on Title 1 schools to eliminate the funding and achievement gap
• Guarantee children with disabilities a high-quality education by enforcing the Americans with Disabilities Act

Child Welfare:
• Invest $1.48 trillion over 10 years to build, rehabilitate, and preserve the 7.4 million housing units need to eliminate family and child homelessness
• Make school meals free to lower child hunger
• Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separation

Other:
• See Sanders's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Tom Steyer (D)

Economic:
• Increase the Earned Income Tax Credit offered to lower-income families, particularly those with children

Health:
• Believes in Medicare For All as an end goal
• Supports creating a public option to expand health care coverage in the meantime
• Expand the reach of mobile clinics to bring specialized care to low income kids in isolated rural areas

Education:
• Believes all Americans should have access to a free, quality public education
• Guarantee two years of free college
• Allow students to refinance their student loans at lower interest rates
• Invest heavily in worker training and apprenticeship programs to produce a highly trained workforce and meet the technological needs of our changing economy
• Pass a Student Borrowers Bill of Rights
• Allocate increased resources to public schools and social service programs

Child Welfare:
• Ensure access to SNAP (food stamps) benefits and free or reduced school lunch programs for rural American children
• Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separation

Other:
• Create five new constitutional rights for children — the right to healthcare, clean air and water, a livable wage, an equal vote, and a quality education
• See Steyer's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Donald Trump (R)

Economic:
• Child poverty has stayed relatively stagnant throughout his presidency
• Experts predict child poverty would be far worse if many of the Trump Administration’s proposals had not been defeated in Congress

Health:
• Believes the government should not be involved in health insurance
• Children’s health insurance coverage has declined, breaking decade-long trend on improvement

Education:
• Signed a deal in 2018 to increase child care subsidies for low-income families and extend the federal homevisiting program
• Devoted in his 2020 budget an additional $1 billion to expand child care access
• Has stated that his administration wants to work with members in both parties to make child care accessible and affordable
• Has cut funding to Department of Education by 13%, eliminating 29 programs and $8.5 billion from the budget
• Has proposed eliminating the Preschool Development Grant Program
• Has called for the elimination of funding for after school and enrichment programs
• Supports eliminating the Common Core
• Has called for cuts to two major college-readiness programs
• Believes federal government should not be making profit off student debt
• Opposes loan forgiveness or free college plans
• Has neither increased nor decreased federal support for Title I and special education

Child Welfare:
• Signed a deal in 2018 to extend the federal homevisiting program
• Has three proposals to reduce SNAP funding, which would cause 500,000 children to lose access to school meals
• His administration was created and enforced the zero tolerance policy, which separated children from their families at the U.S.-Mexico border

Other:
• See Trump's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Joe Walsh (R)

Economic:
• Walsh has not released any economic policies with respect to children

Health:
• Repeal the Affordable Care Act and opposes any other form of government-sponsored healthcare

Education:
• Supports eliminating the Common Core
• Previously ran a fund that gave low-income students scholarships to help them attend private high schools

Child Welfare:
• Against the zero tolerance policy of family separation at the border

Other:
• See Walsh's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Elizabeth Warren (D)

Economic:
• Bring children out of poverty by increasing access to child care and early education

Health:
• Pass Medicare For All plan to fully cover every service and procedure, including dental, vision, long-term care, and abortion, at no charge to patients
• Prioritize presence of counselors, mental health providers, and social workers over police officers in schools

Education:
• Provide every family with affordable and high-quality child care for children aged 0-5 and make it free for those below 200% of the poverty line
• Expected contributions for child care by wealthier families would be capped at 7%
• Provide every family with affordable and high-quality preschool and make it free for those below 200% of the poverty line
• Make public two- and four-year institutions tuition-free
• Eliminate up to $50,000 of student-loan debt for borrowers earning less than $100,000 — with proportionally less debt relief for those earning up to $250,000
• Renew the fight against segregation and discrimination in our schools
• Increase annual investment in apprenticeship programs tenfold to $2 billion a year, for the next ten years
• Quadruple Title I funding - an additional $450 billion over the next 10 years - to close the funding and achievement gap
• Invest at least an additional $50 billion in school infrastructure across the country

Child Welfare:
• Invest $500 billion over the next decade to build/preserve 3.2 million affordable housing units to help reduce child and family homelessness
• Provide legal counsel for children being deported
• Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separation
• Increase funding for SNAP (food stamps)
• Cancel student breakfast and lunch debt and provide free and nutritious school meals

Other:
• See Warren's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Bill Weld (R)

Economic:
• Establish individual retirement accounts for newborns and millennials, who may never receive Social Security benefits

Health:
• Supports keeping and reforming the Affordable Care Act so people have more choices
• Address differences in access to healthcare and parental leave

Education:
• Wants to repeal federal provision that prevents renegotiation of student debt
• Believes we should be paying greater attention to online education
• Address differences in access to quality education and child care

Child Welfare:
• Weld has not released any welfare policies with respect to children

Other:
• See Weld's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Marianne Williamson (D)

Economic:
• Williamson has not released any economic policies with respect to children

Health:
• Ensure universal health care through the creation of a public option, with Medicare for All as an end goal
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Develop school based health clinics and school social workers in every school
• Implement an Agriculture and Food System that supports healthy foods and eliminates toxins

Education:
• Supports a new child care tax credit worth up to $14,000 per child
• Supports universal preschool
• Free college or technical school tuition for every qualified student
• Create more opportunities for people who want to work in the trades or technical areas
• Create one year of national mandatory service to work on service projects like teaching in under-served areas, addressing climate change, and providing care to a child or senior
• Federal compensation for state school funding to close the funding and achievement gap
• Calls for more expansive array of educational approaches, including social and emotional learning, conflict resolution, mindfulness, and anti-bullying programs

Child Welfare:
• Reduce child trauma and despair through full-scale wrap-around home, school and community prevention and intervention services
• Develop a housing system which eliminates child homelessness and poverty
• Develop a juvenile justice system focused on counseling, rehabilitation and reducing recidivism rates
• Begin a national initiative to train, recruit, and pay foster parents for all kinds of families
• Increase funding for free and reduced-price lunches and cover breakfast as well

Other:
• Create a U.S. Department of Children and Youth with the focus of providing intensive family and community-based programs addressing and improving all factors that impact children living in the U.S.
• See Williamson's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy

Andrew Yang (D)

Economic:
• Freedom Dividend Plan - Every American over 18 will receive $1,000 per month regardless of income or job status
• Extra income would help parents cover child care, education, and heath expenses

Health:
• Pass Medicare For All plan to fully cover every service and procedure, including dental, vision, long-term care, and abortion, at no charge to patients
• Institute mandatory 9 months of paid paternal leave per couple and at least 6 months for a single parent

Education:
• Give tax breaks for child care services
• Create a pre-kindergarten public education system for all 3 and 4-year-olds
• Expand the amount of technical and vocational education available in high schools and colleges
• Make two-year community college education free or extremely low-cost
• Allow students to opt into a plan to repay their student debt through pledging 10% of their salary per year for ten years, after which the balance would be
forgiven
• Ensure that the government does not profit one cent from student loans
• Ask schools to forgive in part or in whole the debts of those who do not graduate
• Provide resources to sustain the education, creation, and offerings of all forms of art

Child Welfare:
• Believes his freedom dividend will reduce domestic violence, child abuse, and drug overdoses
• Recognize Dreamers as US citizens and end child separation

Other:
• Lower the voting age from 18 to 16
• See Yang's Environment and Gun Control stances for more related to children's policy