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Environment

Michael Bennet (D)

• Doesn't support the Green New Deal
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement
• Set a target of 100% net-zero emissions by 2050
• Significantly increase the protection of public lands
• Conserve 30% of U.S. lands and seas by 2030 by setting aside land and incentivizing people to engage in practices to keep carbon in the soil
• Reduce emissions in the transportation sector by 50% by 2030
• Spend $1 trillion on infrastructure and innovation to combat climate change that would spur $10 trillion in private investment and create 10 million jobs over 10 years
• Set up a Climate Bank to to spur private investment
• Supports new nuclear power development
• Require utility companies to provide consumers clean-energy options
• Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies
• Has advocated for tax credits for individuals and families who invest in solar and wind energy
• Open to setting a price on carbon to push companies to reduce their emissions
• Supports regulating fracking

Joe Biden (D)

• Supports the Green New Deal
• Targeting net-zero emissions and a 100% clean energy economy by 2050
• Calls for public investments of $1.7 trillion in clean energy and other environmental initiatives over 10 years
• Total would reach $5 trillion with investments from state/local governments and private companies
• Invest specifically in green infrastructure (buildings, water, and transportation), and clean energy such as biofuels and wind and solar energy
• Those funds would be generated by undoing the Trump tax cuts
• Take American agriculture to net-zero emissions by dramatically expanding a USDA program that pays farmers, under five-year contracts, to adopt environmentally friendly practices
• Build 500,000 charging stations throughout the U.S. for electric vehicles
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement
• Supports setting a price on carbon to push companies to reduce their emissions
• Ban new oil and gas permits on public lands
• Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies
• Supports developing new nuclear technologies as part of an effort to fight climate change

Cory Booker (D)

• Supports the Green New Deal
• Believes climate change should be treated as a threat to our economy and national security
• Invest over $3 trillion dollars by 2030 to fund the transtion to a 100% carbon-nuetral economy by 2045 and create millions of new jobs
• Investment aimed towards clean energy, energy storage and electric vehicle charging network
• Invest $400 billion in energy research and development
• Require all new projects include priorities for contracting with local and minority-owned small businesses
• Supports setting a price on carbon to push companies to reduce their emissions, and return revenue as a dividend to the American people
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement
• Put protections in place for 30 percent of all U.S. lands and waters
• Supports natural climate solutions like massive reforestation and coastal wetlands restoration
• Reestablish the Civilian Conservation Corps to provide skills and perform this restoration
• Invest over $100 billion by 2030 through existing USDA conservation programs to make farms more climate resilient
• Supports new nuclear power development
• Drastically increase EPA enforcement actions against polluting companies
• Require that all new passenger vehicles after 2030 be zero emissions
• At least double federal funding for clean-energy research
• Supports banning fracking
• Ban fossil fuel exports
• End leasing for new onshore and offshore fossil fuel extraction
• Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies
• Overturn Keystone XL and Dakota Access Pipeline permits
• Replace all residential and school lead drinking water service lines

Pete Buttigieg (D)

• Supports the Green New Deal
• Believes climate change should be treated as an imminent threat to our economy and national security
• Invest more than $1 trillion to reach net-zero emissions by 2050 and create 3 million clean energy and infrastructure jobs
• $200 billion investment over 10 years in clean energy research and development
• Create a $250 billion Clean Energy Bank to finance innovative technologies such as carbon capturing
• Create a $250 billion fund matched with $250 billion in private investment to lead development of green technologies
• Create a $50 billion seed fund for riskier and experimental ideas
• Fund $200 billion over 10 years into programs for displaced workers transitioning from fossil fuel industry jobs
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement and increase its targets
• Hold a "Pittsburgh summit" so cities can work together to curb emissions
• Create a “U.S. Climate Corps” open to high school graduates dedicated to educating communities and rebuilding infrastructure to make it more resilient to the effects of climate change
• Supports setting a price on carbon to push companies to reduce their emissions, and return revenue as a dividend to the American people
• Supports banning fracking
• End leasing for fossil fuel extraction on federal lands
• Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies
• Supports changing soil management practices and other kinds of investments in agriculture
• Supports nuclear power

Julián Castro (D)

• Supports the Green New Deal
• Believes climate change should be treated as a threat to our economy and national security
• Targets Global Net Zero carbon emissions by 2050 and halve U.S. carbon emissions relative to 2005 levels by 2030
• Create a $200 billion "Green Infrastructure Fund" that would be used for public transportation and electric vehicle charging stations
• First executive order would be to rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement
• Does not support building more nuclear power plants
• Expand NAFTA to cover climate change
• Supports setting a price on carbon to push companies to reduce their emissions
• Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies
• Replace all U.S. electricity generation with zero-emissions sources by 2030 for zero-emission by 2035
• All new passenger vehicles and buildings emit zero carbon emissions by 2030
• $10 trillion of spending on jobs aligned with switch from polluting to nonpolluting energy
• Ban all fossil fuel production on public lands
• Expand EPA's civil rights division power
• States receiving agency assistance required to address environmental and health disparities
• Create a National Climate Council in White House
• Expand Federal Energy Regulatory Commion's authority
• Goal of planting 30 billion trees around the world by 2050
* $10 trillion of spending on clean energy

John Delaney (D)

• Believes the Green New Deal is unrealistic
• $4 trillion environmental plan aimed at reducing carbon emissions by 90% by 2050
• Supports setting a price on carbon to push companies to reduce their emissions, and return revenue as a dividend to the American people
• $5 billion annual funding for carbon capture technology
• Supports setting a carbon tax to push companies to reduce their emissions
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement and strengthen its targets
• Increase federal funding for clean-energy research fivefold
• Supports new nuclear power development
• Supports regulating fracking
• Against banning fossil fuel exports
• End leasing for fossil fuel extraction on federal lands
• Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies

Tulsi Gabbard (D)

• Targets net-zero emissions both in the U.S. and globally by 2050
• Has called for 80% of electricity sold to be generated from clean energy resources by 2027 and 100% by 2035
• Supports banning fracking
• Supports closing down existing nuclear power reactors
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement
• Does not support setting a carbon tax
• Ban fossil fuel exports
• End leasing for fossil fuel extraction on federal lands
• Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies

Amy Klobuchar (D)

• Does not support the Green New Deal
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement
• Ensure new projects in infrastructure plan are climate smart and green
• Invest in green jobs and infrastructure, climate research and innovation, environmental justice programs, rural energy development, and greener transportation
• Protect/preserve farmlands, hunting lands, wetlands, coasts and oceans
• Meet the goals of the U.N. panel on climate change - cut greenhouse gases by 45% by 2030, and increase renewable energy by up to 47% by 2050
• Achieve 100% net-zero emissions no later than 2050
• Work to increase gas mileage standards
• Supports new nuclear power development
• Restore the Clean Power Plan, which set emissions standards for states with respect to reductions in carbon dioxide emission
• Supports setting a price on carbon to push companies to reduce their emissions
• Expand a USDA program that pays farmers, under five-year contracts, to adopt environmentally friendly practices
• Restore environmental regulations repealed by the Trump Administration
• Supports regulating fracking
• Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies
• Restore staffing levels at the EPA
• Strict fuel efficiency standards
• Limits on carbon pollution from power plants
• Raise 50 to 150 billion dollars in clean energy bonds for clean energy projects
• Supports incentives for adoption of clean energy technology
• "Buy Clean" product labeling system to build a climate-friendly product market
• Supports innovative local transportation
• Strenghten EPA methane rules

Deval Patrick (D)

• Has advocated for a multi-pronged approach for tackling climate change
• Believes we should end our reliance on conventional coal generation
• Supports progressing wind energy efficiency and solar power projects

Bernie Sanders (D)

• Supports the Green New Deal
• Reach 100% renewable energy for electricity and transportation by 2030 and complete decarbonization by 2050
• Calls for a $16.3 trillion public investment towards these efforts, and include traditionally excluded minority communities
• Reduce carbon emissions from transportation by building out high-speed passenger rail, electric vehicles, and public transit
• Invest in infrastructure to build a modern electric grid, rebuild drinking water facilities, and retrofit buildings
• Invest in programs to protect the frontline communities most vulnerable to extreme climate events (fires, hurricanes, etc.)
• End unemployment by creating 20 million good paying, union jobs
• Regulate all dangerous greenhouse gases, including methane and hydroflourocarbons (HFCs)
• End exports of coal, natural gas, and crude oil
• Ban fracking and eliminate all subsidies for fossil fuel companies
• Prosecute the fossil feul industry for the damage they've caused
• End leasing for fossil fuel extraction on federal lands
• Guarantee five years of a worker’s current salary and other worker's benefits for any displaced fossil fuel industry worker
• Supports closing down existing nuclear power reactors
• Make the federal government a large producer of renewable energy to sell, similar to the Tennessee Valley Authority
• Increase investment in research to decrease the cost of energy storage
• Open to setting a price on carbon to push companies to reduce their emissions
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement and provide $200 billion to the Green Climate Fund
• Provide grants, technical assistance, and debt relief to support farmers’ transition to more sustainable practices

Tom Steyer (D)

• Supports the Green New Deal
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement
• Declare climate change a national emergency on first day as President
• Five pillar Justice-Centered Climate Plan:
• Establish energy efficient transportation, and construct and retrofit buildings to be cleaner and safer
• Create a Civilian Climate Corps, a combined service, training, and job creation effort to implement community specific climate change solutions
• Invest $50 billion in legacy energy industry (oil and gas) communities to protect wage benefits, end government subsidies to polluters, and restore and expand public nature areas, working lands, and parks
• Invest in climate-smart infrastructure, prioritize clean manufacturing, and require companies to disclose and internalize the costs of their risky fossil fuel holdings
• Secure our military bases against extreme weather, improve our disaster prevention systems, and strengthen our response and recovery strategy
• Put more resources toward clean, renewable energy
• Reduce the U.S.’s dependence on fossil fuels
• End new oil and gas leases on federal land and end offshore drilling
• Ban fracking
• Opposed the construction of the Keystone XL oil pipeline
• Stand up to corporate polluters who poison our air & water

Donald Trump (R)

• Pulled the U.S. out of the Paris Climate Agreement
• Under Trump, the EPA has loosened restrictions on pollution, logging, and oil drilling
• Lowered fuel economy standards for cars
• Previously accused climate change of being a "hoax" created by the Chinese
• Calls the Green New Deal a hoax
• Pushed to open up oil and gas drilling on federally protected lands and in the Arctic and Atlantic oceans

Joe Walsh (R)

• Believes human activity impacts climate change

Elizabeth Warren (D)

• Supports the Green New Deal
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement
• Believes climate change should be treated as a threat to our economy and national security
• Invest $3 trillion over the next ten years and leverage trillions more in private investment, creating millions of jobs
• Direct $1 trillion of this investment into vulnerable, low-income communities to fight environmental injustice:
• Improve access to health care for affected areas and help at-risk areas adapt to global warming
• Invest in public water systems and raise water quality standards
• Quintuple funding for FEMA’s Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program
• By 2028, 100% zero-carbon pollution for all new commercial and residential buildings
• By 2030, 100% zero emissions for all new passenger vehicles
• By 2035, 100% renewable and zero-emission energy in electricity generation
• Mandate $1.5 trillion in federal procurement for domestically made low-carbon technology, help other countries purchase these clean energy technologies and invest $400 billion in energy research and development
• Commit $100 billion to support the export of American-made clean energy products so that we can help other countries cut their emissions too
• Invest in public water systems and raise water quality standards
• Quintuple funding for FEMA’s Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program
• Shut down all coal-fired power plants in ten years and guarantee government support for affected workers and communities
• Sign an executive order fully banning fossil fuel extraction on public lands
• Open to setting a price on carbon to push companies to reduce their emissions
• Supports banning fracking
• Ban fossil fuel exports
• Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies
• Overturn Keystone XL and Dakota Access Pipeline permits
• Does not support building new nuclear power plants
• Charge a fee on goods imported from countries that use fossil fuels
• Expand a USDA program that pays farmers, under five-year contracts, to adopt environmentally friendly practices
• Expand credit for farmers and create "Farm to People" program so that federal institutions can get food locally
• Place regulations on vehicle tailpipe emissions

Bill Weld (R)

• Rejoin Paris Climate Agreement
• Believes in climate change and that the United States' need to act on countering its effects
• Adopt standards for reducing carbon emissions
• Supports environmental regulation
• In favor of the use of nuclear power

Marianne Williamson (D)

• Supports the Green New Deal
• Expand investments in green energy, clean water systems, and public transit
• Expand the role of the EPA and the FDA to keep toxins out of our environment
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement and increase its standards
• Targets 100% reduction of emissions by 2030
• Become 70% carbon neutral by 2030 and 100% by 2040
• Extend federal subsidies for renewable energy and eliminate fossil fuel subsidies
• Supports setting a carbon tax to push companies to reduce their emissions
• Reinstate and expand energy and mileage efficiency investments
• Supports banning fracking
• Supports closing down existing nuclear power reactors
• Ban fossil fuel exports
• End leasing for fossil fuel extraction on federal lands
• Supports reforesting, restoring wetlands, peatlands and increasing phytoplankton and fisheries

Andrew Yang (D)

• Supports the Green New Deal
• Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement and increase its enforcement
• Supports investment in cutting-edge technologies that could slow down the pace of climate change
• Increase the EPAs involvement in regulating carbon emissions and promoting renewable energy
• Supports setting a carbon tax and dividend to push companies to reduce their emissions
• Improve protection of national lands by refusing to sell it to states for for-profit extraction
• Quintuple the budget for the U.S. Forest Service, and specifically tailor it to focus on fire prevention
• Supports new nuclear power development
• Eliminate fossil fuel subsidies