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Health Care

Michael Bennet (D)

• Doesn't support Medicare for All
• Supports Medicare X, which would create a public option program
• Autoenroll the estimated 7.5 million Americans eligible for Medicaid into this program
• Supports building on the Affordable Care Act's foundation
• Supports keeping private insurance
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare and Medicare X
• Penalize drug companies who raise their prices faster than inflation
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Enhance the use of telemedicine, where doctors could see patients via video chat, in rural communities
• Provide up to $10,000 a year in loan forgiveness for health care professionals who work in rural areas
• Allow undocumented immigrants to be covered under a government-run health plan

Joe Biden (D)

• Doesn't support Medicare for All
• Supports creating a public option to expand health care coverage
• Supports keeping private insurance
• Supports building on the Affordable Care Act's foundation
• Limit copayments to $1,000
• Expand coverage to low-income Americans in 14 states that have blocked the Affordable Care Act
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare
• Incentivize drug companies to charge prices that are comparable to those paid in other developed countries
• Limit launch prices for drugs that face no competition
• Any drug that's price is increased above the inflation rate would not qualify to be covered by Medicare or Medicaid
• Allow consumers to buy prescription drugs from other countries
• Eliminate a tax break drug companies receive for advertising their medicines to consumers
• Give a $5,000 tax credit to family caregivers
• Adequately fund our rural hospitals and community health centers
• Allow undocumented immigrants to be covered under a government-run health plan
• Expand federal funding for mental health and substance use disorder services and research
• No one should be required to pay more than 8.5% of income toward health insurance premiums
• Unrestrict federal help to pay for insurance premiums

Cory Booker (D)

• Supports Medicare for All as an end goal
• Ensure universal health care through the creation of a public option
• Supports keeping private insurance
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Long-Term Care Plan:
• Expand access to Medicaid long-term services by raising the asset limit to $200,000 and the income limit to approximately $50,000 for a family of two
• Individuals that exceed these limits would be able to buy into the program
• Give a tax credit to family caregivers and improve their access to paid family leave
• Strengthen nutritional programs for kids
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare
• Allow the government to break the patents of brand drug companies so that generic companies can produce cheaper knockoffs
• Supports importing drugs from other countries
• Incentivize drug companies to charge prices that are comparable to those paid in other developed countries
• Allow undocumented immigrants to be covered under a government-run health plan

Pete Buttigieg (D)

• Supports Medicare for All as an end goal
• Supports “Medicare for All Who Want It” as a pathway to Medicare for All
• Ensure universal health care through the creation of a public option
• Supports building on the Affordable Care Act's foundation
• Supports keeping private insurance, for now
• Invest resources in mental health services
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Plan to lower prescription drug prices:
• Cap out-of pocket spending on drugs for those on government healthcare plan at $250 per month
• Make co-payments for generic drugs $0 for people with low incomes
• Allow the government to negotiate drug prices with pharmaceutical companies
• Tax pharmaceutical companies that refuse to negotiate 65% on the sales of that drug, increasing 10% each quarter until 95%
• Penalize pharmaceutical companies that raise prices by more than inflation
• Make it easier for generics to enter the market by ending tactics that prevent competition
• Doesn't support having the federal government produce and sell generic drugs at lower prices
• Supports importing drugs from other countries, given they are screened by the FDA for quality and safety
• Allow undocumented immigrants to be covered under a government-run health plan through the public option
• Create and fund Health Equity Zones to address high-priority health disparities in the local community, with a specific emphasis on racial and demographic health disparities
• Address the underrepresentation of Black Americans in the health workforce and train our current health workforce to combat bias–especially racial bias–when treating patients
• Incentivize medical students and workers to work in rural communities
• Ensure coverage for and access to the full range of reproductive healthcare services in rural areas
• Improve access to affordable and high-quality mental health and addiction treatment with $100 billion investment over 10 years
• Hold the drug manufacturers and pharmacies that exacerbated the opioid crisis for profit accountable
• Combat the opioid and methamphetamine epidemics

Julián Castro (D)

• Supports Medicare for All as an end goal
• Strengthen Medicare for those who have it and allow everyone to buy into it
• Supports keeping private insurance
• Automatically enroll people who lose their job
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare
• Incentivize drug companies to charge prices that are comparable to those paid in other developed countries
• Allow the government to break the patents of brand drug companies so that generic companies can produce cheaper knockoffs
• Allow undocumented immigrants to be covered under a government-run health plan

John Delaney (D)

• Doesn't support Medicare for All
• Create a new public health care plan called "BetterCare" for all Americans under the age of 65 while preserving traditional Medicare
• Supports keeping private insurance
• Ensure universal health care through the creation of a public option
• Supports the Affordable Care Act
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare
• Profits from the sale of a drug above its average world price would be taxed at 100%
• Supports importing drugs from other countries
• Doesn't support having the federal government produce and sell generic drugs at lower prices
• Against allowing undocumented immigrants to be covered under a government-run health plan

Tulsi Gabbard (D)

• Supports Medicare for All as an end goal
• Ensure universal health care through the creation of a public option
• Supports the Affordable Care Act
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare
• Incentivize drug companies to charge prices that are comparable to those paid in other developed countries
• Allow the government to break the patents of brand drug companies so that generic companies can produce cheaper knockoffs
• Supports keeping private insurance
• Supports importing drugs from other countries

Amy Klobuchar (D)

• Doesn't support Medicare for All
• Instead offer a public option that people can buy into
• Supports building on the Affordable Care Act's foundation
• Supports keeping private insurance
• Expand Medicare to include Americans age 55 and older
• Address the shortage of maternity care health professionals
• Increase health care access in rural communities
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare
• Immediately allow for the importation of drugs from other countries
• End “pay for delay” agreements, where drug companies pay the makers of generic drugs to delay the entrance of cheaper versions of drugs into the market
• Incentivize drug companies to charge prices that are comparable to those paid in other developed countries
• Allow the government to break the patents of brand drug companies so that generic companies can produce cheaper knockoffs
• Invest in Alzheimer's research
• Released a plan to spend $100 billion over a decade to improve mental health care and fight substance abuse
• Supports imposing a one-cent tax for each milligram of opioids in a pain pill and the tax revenue would be used for substance abuse treatment

Deval Patrick (D)

• Wants to create a health care system that provides access to high-quality, low-cost health services everywhere, but has not laid out a specific plan
• Has called Medicare for All a "terrific idea," but "alongside various of the private options that are available" under the Affordable Care Act
• Signed legislation in Massachusetts linking cost increases in health care to the rate of growth of the state's economy
• Signed into law a requirement for insurers to provide up to 14 days of inpatient care for people with opioid addictions

Bernie Sanders (D)

• Supports creating Medicare for All immediately
• Eliminate private insurance and employer health care plans
• Let Americans see any doctor they want to with no deductibles or copays
• Fully cover every service and procedure, including dental, vision, long-term care, and abortion, at no charge to patients
• Pay for the plan in part with a 4% tax on household income over $29,000
• Cancel all past-due medical debt, totaling $81 billion
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Lower drug prices by 50%:
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare
• Incentivize drug companies to charge prices that are comparable to those paid in other developed countries
• Supports importing drugs from other countries
• Supports having the federal government produce and sell generic drugs at lower prices
• Allow the government to break the patents of brand drug companies so that generic companies can produce cheaper knockoffs
• Allow undocumented immigrants to be covered under a government-run health plan

Tom Steyer (D)

• Supports “Medicare for All Who Want It” as a pathway to Medicare for All
• Ensure universal health care through the creation of a public option
• Supports keeping private insurance
• Require drug manufacturers to provide notification of price increases
• Criticized pharmaceutical companies for profiting off of drug sales and causing the deadly opioid crisis

Donald Trump (R)

• Supports repealing the Affordable Care Act and replacing it with a free-market system
• Opposes Medicare for All
• Unveiled American Patients First plan to lower drug prices through increasing competition and better negotiation
• Outlined significant cuts to Medicare in his 2020 budget

Joe Walsh (R)

• Opposes the Affordable Care Act and any other form of government-sponsored healthcare

Elizabeth Warren (D)

• Supports creating Medicare for All immediately
• Eliminate private insurance and employer health care plans
• Let Americans see any doctor they want to with no deductibles or copays
• Fully cover every service and procedure, including dental, vision, long-term care, and abortion, at practically no cost to patients
• Plan to pay for Medicare For All:
• After current government spending on health care is put towards her plan, an additional $20.5 trillion is needed over ten years
• No middle class tax increases
• Tax companies the amount that they currently spend on employer health care plans, raising $9 trillion
• Add $2.9 trillion in corporate taxes
• Raise proposed wealth tax on wealth over $1 billion from 3% to 6%
• Increase IRS enforcement to decrease tax avoidance
• Decrease military spending by $800 billion over ten years
• Impose a financial transactions tax of 0.1% of the value of every stock
• Pass comprehensive immigration reform that would lead to $400 billion in new taxable income over 10 years
• Provide every family with affordable and high-quality child care and make it free for those below 200% of the poverty line
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Invest $100 billion over the next ten years to increase access to high quality treatment and support services for those affected by the opioid crisis
• Plan to lower prescription drug prices:
• Create a government-run pharmaceutical manufacturer to mass-produce generic drugs where a failure in the market is determined, such as if the price is deemed too high
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare
• Supports importing drugs from other countries
• Incentivize drug companies to charge prices that are comparable to those paid in other developed countries
• Limit insurer profits while expanding health care subsidies and tax credits
• Increase funding for community health centers by 15% per year for the next five years
• Establish a $25 billion dollar fund to improve access to care in health professional shortage areas
• Scale up apprenticeship programs to build up a health care workforce in rural areas and eliminate loan debt for those with 5 years of service
• Allow undocumented immigrants to be covered under a government-run health plan
• Grant $800 million over ten years to tribal governments, organizations and Urban Indian Health Programs to combat mental health issues among Native Americans
• Extend union protections to home care workers

Bill Weld (R)

• Reform the Affordable Care Act so people have more choices
• Supports increased competition to lower prices

Marianne Williamson (D)

• Supports Medicare for All as an end goal
• Ensure universal health care through the creation of a public option, but Medicare for All is the priority
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare
• Supports keeping private insurance, for now
• Create a universal, gender-neutral, national paid family and medical leave program allowing for up to 12 weeks of paid leave
• Supports importing drugs from other countries on a case-by-case basis
• Supports having the federal government produce and sell generic drugs at lower prices
• Provide patients with more support from nutritionists, health coaches, therapists and mental health, exercise specialists, and other peripheral lifestyle treatment provider
• Reduce the stigma of mental health illnesses, so that more will seek and receive treatment
• Shape food policies using public health science instead of following the lead of lobbyists for industries
• Stop subsidies for agricultural production of unhealthy foods, like high-fructose corn syrup and hydrogenated fats
• Incentivize and subsidize farmers, ranchers and food companies for more healthy food production, making it more affordable and available
• Fund programs, pre-k through college, designed to teach nutrition and lifestyle skills to help cultivate long-term health
• Allow undocumented immigrants to be covered under a government-run health plan
• The disabled should be represented in government
• Require healthcare insurers to cover home healthcare
• Help transition the institutionalized with disabilities to assisted independent living

Andrew Yang (D)

• Supports creating Medicare for All immediately
• Supports keeping private insurance, for now
• Expand mental health service accessibility
• Supports giving the federal government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare
• Use global averages as a baseline for prescription drug prices
• Supports having the federal government produce and sell generic drugs at lower prices
• Supports importing drugs from other countries
• Mandatory 9 months of paid paternal leave per couple and at least 6 months for a single parent
• Press charges against pharmaceutical executives who use misleading marketing techniques or take shortcuts through the testing and approvals process
• Allow undocumented immigrants to be covered under a government-run health plan at an added price
• Increase funding to opioid rehab programs through a tax on opioid manufacturers